SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE OR FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

Simple Future Tense is used to express an action which has not occurred/happened yet and will occur/happen after some time in the future after being said about it.

e.g. Anu will take bath after half an hour.

In this example, the action of the sentence ‘to take bath’ will happen in the future or after speaking the sentence.

The use of the simple future:

simple future

  • We use the simple future for instant decisions.

Example: “Somebody left the door open; I’ll close it.”

  • We use the simple future when we predict a future situation:

Example: “She‘ll pass the exam. She’s hardworking”

  • We use the simple future with: “I (don’t) think…”, “I expect…”, “I’m sure…”, “I wonder…”, “probably”.

Example: “It will probably rain tonight”,

“I wonder what will happen?

  • We use the simple future in conditional sentences type one.

“If I have enough time, I‘ll watch the film.”

Things to remember:

1. We don’t use the simple future to say what somebody has already decided or arranged to do in the future. We use instead either the present continuous or “going to + verb” (Future plan) :

  • Ann is traveling to New York next week. (NOT, “Ann will travel “)
  • Are you going to watch television? (NOT “will you watch“).

2. You can use shall instead of will for I and we:

  • shall play football.(Or, I will play …)
  • We shall play football. (Or, we will play …)

3. ‘ll is the short form of will. You can say either:

  • will go, or
  • ‘ll go.

4. Won’t is the short form of will not. You can say either:

  • will not go, or
  • won’t go.

Structure of Future Indefinite Tense – Positive 

Subject + Will/Shall + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.)

In Future Tense helping verb ‘Shall’ is used with ‘I’ and ‘We’. Helping verb ‘Will’ is used with all others.
e.g. I shall come with you.

He will come with me. We shall go to Jaipur.

You will not come with us.

When you are to make a commitment or warn someone or emphasize something, use of ‘will/shall’ is reversed.

‘Will’ is used with ‘I’ & ‘We’ and ‘shall’ is used with others.

In general speaking there is hardly any difference between ‘shall & will’ and normally ‘Will’ is used with all.

‘Shall’ केवल ‘I’ और ‘We’ के साथ और ‘Will’ बाकी सब के साथ आता है ।

जब किसी को चेतावनी देनी हो या वायदा करना हो या विश्वास के साथ कोई बातकहनी हो या कोई बात होगी ही या होनी ही चाहिये या कहने वाले का निश्चय दर्शाना हो तो उल्टा ‘I’ और ‘We’ के साथ ‘Will’ का और बाकी सब के साथ ‘Shall’ का प्रयोग करते हैं ।

आजकल बोलचाल की भाषा में ज्यादातर ‘Will’ का ही प्रयोग होता है ।

Future Indefinite Tense – Positive मैं हॉटेल में ठहरूंगा ।
Person Subject Will/Shall + Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person I shall stay in hotel.
Ist Person -Plural We shall stay in hotel.
2nd Person You will stay in hotel.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will stay in hotel.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will stay in hotel.

Structure of Future Indefinite Tense – Negative 

Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.)

In Negative sentence of Future Indefinite Tense, ‘Not’ is added before the first form of Verb.

फ्यूचर इन्डेफिनेट टेन्स के नकारात्मक वाक्यो में ‘Verb’ से पहले ‘Not’ लगाते हैं ।

Future Indefinite Tense – Negative तुम उसे हॉस्पिटल में देखने नही जाओगे ।
Person Subject Will/Shall + Not + Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person I shall not go to see him in hospital.
Ist Person -Plural We shall not go to see him in hospital.
2nd Person You will not go to see him in hospital.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will not go to see him in hospital.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will not go to see him in hospital.

Structure of Future Indefinite Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Interrogative Will/Shall + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)

 

Future Indefinite Tense – Interrogative क्या वे मनु को अपनी कहानी सुनाने की इजाजत देंगे?
Person Will/Shall Subject Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Shall I allow Manu to tell his story?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we allow Manu to tell his story?
2nd Person Will you allow Manu to tell his story?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram allow Manu to tell his story?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys allow Manu to tell his story?

 

Future Indefinite Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative क्या मुझे करीना के हस्ताक्षर लेने का अवसर नही मिलेगा?
Person Will/Shall Subject Not + Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Shall I not get an opportunity to take Kareena’s autograph?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we not get an opportunity to take Kareena’s autograph?
2nd Person Will you not get an opportunity to take Kareena’s autograph?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram not get an opportunity to take Kareena’s autograph?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys not get an opportunity to take Kareena’s autograph?

 

Sentence वाक्य
We shall go to Agra. हम आगरा जायेंगे ।
He will not help me. वह मेरी सहायता नही करेगा ।
Will you not teach me English? क्या तुम मुझे इंग्लिश नही सिखाओगे?
Ariv will stand first in his class. आरिव अपनी क्लास में प्रथम आयेगा ।
It will not rain tomorrow. कल बरसात नही होगी ।
Will Sachin also play in T-20 World Cup? क्या सचिन भी T-20 वर्ल्ड कप में खेलेगा?
They will not enter in our Society. वे हमारी सोसाइटी में प्रवेश नही करेंगे ।
Shall we read an English newspaper? क्या हम इंग्लिश का अखबार पढेंगे?
Will Savya leave for the station at ten O’clock? क्या साव्या दस बजे स्टेशन जायेगी?
Now he will not tell a lie. अब वह झूठ नही बोलेगा ।
Shall I wait for you? क्या मैं तुम्हारा इंतजार करूं?
Will Avyan be two months old tomorrow? क्या अव्यन कल दो महीने का हो जायेगा?

 

Future Indefinite Tense is also used in the following situations:

A. Future events which happen in the normal course

ऐसी भविष्य की घटनांये जो सामान्य रूप से घटित होंगी ।

बरसात फिर आयेगी । Rain will come again.
बच्चे खायेंगे और मौज करेंगें । Children will eat and enjoy.

 

B. Normally present indefinite tense is used to express present habit or things which always happen, but sometimes future indefinite tense is also used when the emphasis is more on the subject than the verb.

वर्तमान काल की आदत व्यक्त करने के लिये या कोई क्रिया हमेशा होती है यह बताने के लिये नॉर्मली सामान्य वर्तमान काल का प्रयोग होता है परंतु कभी कभी सामान्य भविष्य काल का भी प्रयोग किया जाता है जब क्रिया की अपेक्षा कर्ता की विशेषता पर ज्यादा जोर हो ।

वह सिर्फ वर्तिका के साथ खेलेगा । He will play with only Vartika.
मैं दोबारा कभी लंदन नही जाऊंगा । I shall never go to London again.
रीता उसे कभी जवाब नही देगी । Reeta will never respond to him.