PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued till now.

ऐसे कार्य या एक्शन जो भूतकाल में शुरु हो, लगातार जारी है और अभी तक पूर्ण नही हुए हैं, प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स के अंतर्गत आते हैं ।

present perfect continuous

 

Examples:

  • They have been watching TV for the last three hour.
  • She has been studying at that institution for three years.
  • What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes

In this tense, the start time of action will always be given like – for a few days, for ten months, for 2 years, since Wednesday, since 2011, since September etc.

If the start time of action is not given in the sentence, then it does not come under Present Perfect Continuous Tense. ‘Start time of action’ is the main factor which differentiates between Present Continuous Tense and Present Perfect Continuous Tense. e.g.

It is drizzling outside – Present Continuous Tense.
It has been drizzling outside since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
In the above example, only the start time of action ‘since morning’ is the factor which is changing the tense of the sentence.

  •  The present perfect continuous is also used without indication of duration. This use indicates an action that has occurred “lately” or “recently”.

Examples:

have been feeling really tired, recently.

She has been smoking too much lately.

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Positive 

Subject + Has/Have + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)

 

Use of ‘For’ and ‘Since’
“For” is applied before uncertain time:- “Since” is applied before certain time:-
Five hours, two hours, an hour 3 O’clock, 10 O’clock, 5 PM, 4 AM.
few days, four days, seven days Monday, Saturday, Sunday
two months, eight months March, June, December
One year, ten years 2011, 2012, 2013
for a long time Since long.
Yesterday, tomorrow, day after tomorrow
Morning, Evening, Night, Noon, Afternoon.
Birth, beginning, then, when

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Positive मैं सुबह तीन बजे से किताब पढ़ रहा हूँ ।
Person Subject Has/Have Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person I have been studying this book since 3 o’clock.
Ist Person -Plural We have been studying this book since 3 o’clock.
2nd Person You have been studying this book since 3 o’clock.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram has been studying this book since 3 o’clock.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have been studying this book since 3 o’clock.

 

Stucture of Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Negative

Subject + Has/Have + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Negative मैं दो घंटे से नदी में नही तैर रहा हूँ ।
Person Subject Has/Have + Not Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person I have not been swimming in the river for two hours.
Ist Person -Plural We have not been swimming in the river for two hours.
2nd Person You have not been swimming in the river for two hours.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram has not been swimming in the river for two hours.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have not been swimming in the river for two hours.

 

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative and Interrogative u0026amp; Negative 

Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (?)
Interrogative u0026amp; Negative Has/Have + Subject + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (?)

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative क्या हम लम्बे समय से स्कूल आ रहे हैं?
Person Has/Have Subject Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person Have I been coming to school for a long time?
Ist Person -Plural Have we been coming to school for a long time?
2nd Person Have you been coming to school since last Monday?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram been coming to school since last Monday?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys been coming to school since last Monday?

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative u0026amp; Negative क्या मैं दो बजे से ड़ांस नही कर रहा हूँ?
Person Has/Have Subject Not + Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person Have I not been dancing since 2 o’clock?
Ist Person -Plural Have we not been dancing since 2 o’clock?
2nd Person Have you not been dancing since 2 o’clock?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram not been dancing for fifteen minutes?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys not been dancing for fifteen minutes?

 

Sentence वाक्य
Vartika has been playing since morning. वर्तिका सुबह से खेल रही है ।
Uncle has been living in Delhi since the birth of his son. अंकल अपने बेटे के जन्म से दिल्ली में रह रहे हैं.
Have we not been reading this book since 6 O’clock in the morning? क्या हम सुबह 6 बजे से इस पुस्तक को नही पढ़ रहे हैं?
It has been raining since night. रात से वर्षा हो रही है ।
He has been preparing for the examination for last two years. वह पिछले दो सालों से परीक्षा की तैयारी कर रहा है ।
Have I been wasting my time for an hour? क्या मैं एक घंटे से अपना समय व्यर्थ कर रहा हूँ?
Has he been living in Bhopal for five years? क्या वह भोपाल में पांच सालों से रह रहा है?
He has been suffering from fever since Sunday. उसे रविवार से बुखार आ रहा है ।
Seema has been waiting for her friend in garden for the last two hours. सीमा पार्क में अपने दोस्त का पिछले दो घंटे से इंतजार कर रही है ।
Has your brother not been dealing in sugar business since 2009? क्या तुम्हारा भाई 2009 से चीनी का व्यापार नही कर रहा है?
Helicopter has been hovering over the city since 12 o’clock. हेलिकाप्टर 12 बजे से शहर पर मंडरा रहा है ।