PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started at a certain time in the past and ended after some period in past only.

There will always a time reference like – for a few days, for ten months, for 2 years, since Wednesday, since 2011, since January etc.

If there is no time reference, then it is not a Past perfect continuous tense. Without time reference, it is Past Continuous Tense.

e.g. –

I was learning English in this school – (Past Continuous Tense )
I had been learning English in this school for 20 days – (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

Use of the past perfect continuous:

past perfect continuous

1. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action stopped it.

Example:

  • We had been playing soccer when the accident occurred

2. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. In this case we use expressions of duration such as:

  • since morning
  • for an hour
  • for three years

Example:

  • had been living in that small town for three years before I moved to New York.

3. We use the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past to show cause and effect.

Example:

  • was so tired. I had been revising my lessons for hours.

Structure of Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Positive 

Subject + Had + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)

In Past Perfect Continuous Tense, helping verb ‘Had Been’ is used and ‘Ing’ is added with first form of Verb. For time ‘Since or For’ is used. Word “Since’ is used when time mentioned in the sentence is certain and ‘For’ is used when time mentioned in the sentence is not certain.

पास्ट पर्फेक्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स में सहायक क्रिया ‘Had Been’ का प्रयोग होता है और वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म के साथ ‘Ing’ जोड़ा जाता है । वाक्य में दिए हुए समय के लिए ‘Since या For’ का प्रयोग होता है । अगर समय निश्चित है तो ‘Since’ का प्रयोग करते हैं और अगर समय अनिश्चित है तो ‘For’ का प्रयोग करते हैं ।

Use of ‘For’ and ‘Since’
“For” is applied before uncertain time:- “Since” is applied before certain time:-
Five hours, two hours, an hour 3 O’clock, 10 O’clock, 5 PM, 4 AM.
few days, four days, seven days Monday, Saturday, Sunday
two months, eight months March, June, December
One year, ten years 2011, 2012, 2013
for a long time Since long.
Yesterday, tomorrow, day after tomorrow
Morning, Evening, Night, Noon, Afternoon.
Birth, beginning, then, when

 

Structure of Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Negative

Subject + Had + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (.)

In Past Perfect Continuous Negative sentence, ‘Not’ is added between ‘Had’ and ‘Been’.

पास्ट पर्फेक्ट कंटिन्युअस नेगेटिव वाक्य में ‘Not’ को ‘Had’ और ‘Been’ के बीच में लगाते हैं ।

Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Negative मैं जनवरी से काफी नही कमा रहा था ।
Person Subject Had not Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person I Had not been earning enough since January
Ist Person -Plural We Had not been earning enough since January
2nd Person You Had not been earning enough since January
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema Had not been earning enough since January
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Had not been earning enough since January

 

Structure of Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative 

Interrogative Had + Subject + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (?)
Interrogative u0026amp; Negative Had + Subject + Not + been + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + For/Since + Time + Remaining + (?)

 

इसके प्रश्नवाचक और नकारात्मक वाक्य में ‘Not’ को ‘Been’ से पहले लगाते हैं और ‘Been’ वर्ब के साथ रहता है।

Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative क्या वह शुक्रवार से परीक्षा के लिए जाग रही थी ?
Person Had Subject Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person Had I been staying awake for two nights for the exam?
Ist Person -Plural Had we been staying awake for two nights for the exam?
2nd Person Had you been staying awake since Friday for the exam?
3rd Person -Singular Had he/she/it/Ram been staying awake since Friday for the exam?
3rd Person -Plural Had they/boys been staying awake since Friday for the exam?

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Interrogative u0026amp; Negative क्या मेरे बेटे के जन्म के समय से हम मीटिंग में भाग नही ले रहे थे?
Person Had Subject Not + Been + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing + Object Since / For Time + Remaining
Ist person Had I not been attending the meetings since the birth of my son.
Ist Person -Plural Had we not been attending the meetings since the birth of my son.
2nd Person Had you not been attending the meetings since the birth of my son.
3rd Person -Singular Had he/she/it/Ram not been attending the meetings since the birth of my son.
3rd Person -Plural Had they/boys not been attending the meetings since the birth of my son.

 

Sentence वाक्य
She had not been going to office for last two-three days. वह पिछले दो तीन दिनों से ऑफिस नही जा रही थी।
Shantur had been waiting for my reply since Ist January. शांतुर मेरे जवाब का इंतजार 1st जनवरी से कर रहा था ।
Had you been driving that car for the last three years? क्या तुम उस कार को पिछले तीन सालों से चला रहे थे ?
The gardner had been watering the plants since 6 O’clock in the morning. माली सुबह के 6 बजे से पौधों को पानी दे रहा था ।
Had she been writing a book for the last two months? क्या पिछले दो महिने से वह एक किताब लिख रही थी ?
Boys had been watching television since evening. बच्चे शाम से टेलिविज़न देख रहे थे ।
The train had been running for five hours. ट्रेन पांच घंटे से चल रही थी ।
He had been dealing in computer hardware business since 2011. वह 2011 से कंप्युटर हॉर्ड़वेयर का व्यापार कर रहा था ।
You had been cramming the same lesson for the last 35 minutes. तुम पिछले 35 मिनिट से एक ही पाठ का रट्टा लगा रही थी ।
She had been knocking at the door for 2 hours. वह दो घंटे से दरवाजा खटखटा रही थी ।