PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

It is used to express an ongoing nature or continued action till a certain time in the past.

It is used to talk about a continuing action at a particular time in the past.

In Past Continuous Tense, time may come. Like in Present Continuous Tense, if the starting time of the action is given and action remain continued, the Past Continuous Tense becomes Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

e.g.

I was driving a car. – (Past Continuous Tense)
After adding continuous time ‘for two hours’ it becomes Past Perfect Continuous and will be translated as
I had been driving a car for two hours.

ऐसे वाक्यों में समय का प्रयोग तो हो सकता है लेकिन लगातार समय का प्रयोग नही होना चाहिेए । अगर लगातार समय का प्रयोग हो तो उन वाक्यों को पास्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस कहते हैं ।

Past continuous Tense is used for the action that was continuous at a certain time which we talking about is always accompanied by another sentence in Simple past tense or a word/phrase mentioning the time.

  • Suman was playing with her cousins when we went to her home.
  • We relaxed while they were working.

Note- When connects the sentence in ‘simple past tense’, whereas while connects the sentence in ‘past continuous tense’.

Sometimes, it is used with another sentence in Past continuous Tense also.

  • The countrymen resting at home and the soldiers were fighting at the borders.

 Structure of Past Continuous Tense – Positive 

Subject + Was/Were + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)

 

Past Continuous Tense – Positive राम उस पर हंस रहा था ।
Person Subject Was/Were Verb (Ist Form )+ Ing Object
Ist person I was laughing at him.
Ist Person -Plural We were laughing at him.
2nd Person You were laughing at him.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram was laughing at him.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys were laughing at him.

 

Structure of Past Continuous Tense – Negative 

Subject + Was/Were + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)

 

Past Continuous Tense – Negative हम उससे झगड़ नही रहे थे ।
Person Subject Was/Were Not + Verb (Ist Form )+ Ing Object
Ist person I was not fighting with him.
Ist Person -Plural We were not fighting with him.
2nd Person You were not fighting with him.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram was not fighting with him.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys were not fighting with him.

 

Structure of Past Continuous Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative 

Interrogative Was/Were + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)
Interrogative u0026amp; Negative Was/Were + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (?)

 

Past Continuous Tense – Interrogative क्या लड़के इग्लिश सीख रहे थे?
Person Was/Were Subject Verb (Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person Was I learning English?
Ist Person -Plural Were we learning English?
2nd Person Were you learning English?
3rd Person -Singular Was he/she/it/Ram learning English?
3rd Person -Plural Were they/boys learning English?

 

Past Continuous Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative क्या मैं तुम्हारी बहन को नही पढ़ा रहा था?
Person Was/Were Subject Not + Verb (Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person Was I not teaching your sister?
Ist Person -Plural Were we not teaching your sister?
2nd Person Were you not teaching your sister?
3rd Person -Singular Was he/she/it/Ram not teaching your sister?
3rd Person -Plural Were they/boys not teaching your sister?

 

Examples 

Sentence वाक्य
It was drizzling outside. बाहर बूंदा बांदी हो रही थी ।
Dogs were barking in the street at night. कुत्ते रात को गली में भौंक रहे थे ।
A boy was stealing petrol from a bike. एक लड़का बाइक में से पेट्रोल चुरा रहा था ।
The mob was beating a thief. भीड़ एक चोर को पीट रही थी ।
The farmers were not ploughing their fields. किसान खेतों में हल नही चला रहे थे ।
Gatekeeper was detaining boys to enter in girls hostel. चौकीदार लड़कों को गर्लस् होस्टल में घुसने से रोक रहा था ।
Were the students saying prayer in school? क्या विधार्थी स्कूल में प्रार्थना बोल रहे थे ?
His son was shivering with cold yesterday. कल उसका बेटा सर्दी से कांप रहा था ।
Were the children crying at the top of their voice? क्या बच्चे जोर जोर से चिल्ला रहे थे ?
She was making all efforts to save her from honey bees. वह उसको मधुमक्खियों से बचाने की सारी कोशिश कर रही थी ।