FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

 

The future perfect is used to describe an event that will be finished by a particular time in the future.

Use of the simple future simple:

future perfect

The Future Perfect shows that something will occur or be finished before:

  1. another action occurs in the future

She will have learnt Chinese before she moves to China.

  1. or before a specific time in the future.

We often use the future perfect with ‘by’ or ‘in

Examples:

  • By the end of this weekend, I will have revised my lessons.
  • By the time her husband arrives home, she will have prepared dinner.
  • won’t have finished this task by the end of June.
  • I think astronauts will have landed on Mars by the year 2020.
  • I’ll have finished in an hour and then you can use the computer.

By’ means ‘not later than a particular time’ and ‘in’ means ‘within a period of time’. We don’t know exactly when something will finish.

  • I promise I’ll have done all the work by next Saturday.

We don’t know exactly when he will finish the work – maybe Thursday, maybe Friday – but definitely before Saturday.

  • In 5 years time I’ll have finished university and I’ll be able to earn some money at last.

Rules-

Future Perfect Tense – Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Future Perfect Tense helping verb ‘Will/Shall’ and 3rd Form of Verb are used to form the sentence.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स में हेल्पिंग वर्ब ‘Will/Shall’ के साथ वर्ब की 3rd फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है ।

Future Perfect Tense – Positive मैं तब तक नॉवल समाप्त कर चुका हूँगा।
Person Subject Will/Shall Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I shall have finished the novel by then.
Ist Person -Plural We shall have finished the novel by then.
2nd Person You shall have finished the novel by then.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will have finished the novel by then.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will have finished the novel by then.

Future Perfect Tense – Negative

Future Perfect Tense – Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

 

In a negative sentence of Future Perfect Tense, ‘Not’ is added between ‘Will/Shall’ u0026amp; ‘Have’. 3rd Form of Verb comes after ‘Will/Shall Not Have’.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स के नकारात्मक वाक्य में ‘Not’ को ‘Will/Shall’ और ‘Have’ के बीच में लगाते है । ‘Will/Shall not have’ के बाद ‘वर्ब (3rd फ़ॉर्म)’ लगाते हैं ।

Future Perfect Tense – Negative तुम अगले एक घंटे में समुंद्र तट से ऊपर नही उड़ चुके होंगे।
Person Subject Will/Shall Not + Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I Shall not have flew above sea level in next one hour.
Ist Person -Plural We shall not have flew above sea level in next one hour.
2nd Person You will not have flew above sea level in next one hour.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram will not have flew above sea level in next one hour.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys will not have flew above sea level in next one hour.

 

Future Perfect Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative

Future Perfect Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative u0026amp; Negative Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)

Interrogative sentence of Future Perfect Tense starts with ‘Will/Shall’. 3rd form of Verb is applied in all types of sentences of Future Perfect Tense.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स के प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य ‘Will/Shall’ से शुरू होते है । वर्ब की तीसरी फ़ॉर्म इसके सभी प्रकार के वाक्यो में प्रयोग होती है । प्रश्नवाचक और नकारात्मक वाक्यो में ‘Not’ को ‘कर्ता’ और ‘Have’ के बीच में लगाते हैं ।

Future Perfect Tense – Interrogative क्या परीक्षा से दो हफ़्ते पहले वे पूरा कोर्स दोहरा चुके होंगे?
Person Will/Shall Subject Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Shall I have revised full course before two weeks after the exam?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we have revised full course before two weeks after the exam?
2nd Person Will you have revised full course before two weeks after the exam?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram have revised full course before two weeks after the exam?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys have revised full course before two weeks after the exam?

 

Future Perfect Tense – Interrogative And Interrogative u0026amp; Negative क्या हम सोमवार तक नये मकान में शिफ्ट कर चुके होंगे?
Person Will/Shall Subject Not + Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Shall I not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
2nd Person Will you not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys not have shifted to a new house by Monday?

 

Examples

Sentence वाक्य
Will she have gone to Agra to see Tajmahal? क्या वह ताजमहल देखने आगरा जा चुकी होगी?
Will the order of her transfer have come by June? क्या उसके ट्रांसफर ऑर्डर जून तक आ चुके होंगे?
Prashant will have slept by now. प्रशांत अब तक सो चुका होगा ।
Avyan will have taken his bath by then. अव्यन तब तक नहा चुका होगा ।
The boys will have gone to their school. लड़के अपने स्कूल जा चुके होंगे ।
Raj will have caught the snake by now. राज अब तक साँप पकड़ चुका होगा ।
Dog will not have barked at him. कुत्ता उस पर नही भौंका होगा ।
Harshad Bhai will have invited all of you on his granddaughter’s birthday. हर्षद भाई अपनी पोतीके जन्म दिवस पर सबको निमंत्रित कर चुके होंगे ।
Shall we not have learned English within two months? क्या हम दो महीने में इंग्लिश नही सीख चुके होंगे?
We shall have revised complete course by April. अप्रेल तक हम पूरा कोर्स दोहरा चुके होंगे ।
He will have switched on the light by now. अब तक वह लाइट चालू कर चुका होगा ।

 

Future Perfect tense is also used for such action which we understand that he already knows about. Such actions are not actually action of future but as per the assumptions of the subject, it shows the possibility of happening of the action.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स का प्रयोग उन कार्यों के बारे में भी किया जाता है जो हम समझते हैं की उसका ज्ञान उसे पहले से ही होगा । इस तरह कई वाक्य किसी फ्यूचर एक्शन को व्यक्त नही करते बल्कि कर्ता की कल्पना के आधार पर अन्य की जानकारी हो चुकने की संभावना बताते है ।

Examples 

Sentence वाक्य
You will have heard about the new governor of Reserve Bank of India तुमने रिज़र्व बेंक ऑफ इंडिया के नये गवर्नर के बारे में सुना होगा ।
You will not have listened to her plans. तुमने उसके प्लान के बारे में नही सुना होगा ।
He will have apprised about the incident by this time. इस घटना के बारे में वह अब तक बता चुका होगा ।
Raajaa will have gathered all the informations about Rani. राजा ने रानी के बारे में सारी सूचनांएइकट्ठी कर ली होगी ।

 

Passive Voice of Future Perfect Tense

Rules 

Type of Sentence Rule of making Future Perfect (Active Voice) Rule of converting Future Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Will/Shall + Not + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Will/Shall + Convert Object to Subject + Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)